When purchasing a standard mortgage from a private lender, you may be required to purchase private mortgage insurance (PMI). However, PMI can be costly, usually charging you around 0.5% to 1.0% yearly interest on your loan amount. The interest rate may seem like a small, even negligible amount of money, but if you are purchasing a mortgage for a home, it can be a substantial sum of money.
For example, if you purchase a $500,000 home, you could be charged $2,500 and $5,000 a year in mortgage insurance, or approximately $210 to $420 every month. Even for one year of payments, this can be a significant chunk of your money and added together with all of your other bills and expenses; it can add up.
So, it is no wonder why people want to get rid of PMI as quickly as possible. Luckily, you can take specific steps to eliminate PMI as promptly as possible. In this article, we will go over what PMI is, its cost, and how to get rid of it.
Private mortgage insurance is an additional payment to your mortgage that usually ranges between 0.5% to 1.0% of your mortgage balance every year. In addition, PMI is in place to protect your private lender if the home buyer defaults on their mortgage.
In most cases, homebuyers who use a standard mortgage with a down payment of less than 20% must purchase PMI. In addition, PMI costs depend on the amount of risk a lender has to take on: low risk means lower costs, while high risk usually equates to higher PMI costs.
Factors that can affect your PMI costs include your down payment amount, credit history, and type of loan.
- Down payment percent. For example, someone paying a 15% down payment may have a lower rate than someone putting down a 5% down payment on their home. Smaller down payment amounts pose higher risks to private lenders. Therefore, they offset this risk with a higher PMI in the form of larger mortgage payments.
- Credit history. Credit history tracks how responsible you have been in past payments related to borrowing money. Individuals with high credit scores will generally receive lower PMI rates when compared to those with low credit scores.
- Type of loan. Fixed-rate loans are a lower risk due to a fixed loan rate, meaning the rate will not change. Fixed-rate generally yields lower PMI costs because there is less risk involved. Adjustable-rate mortgages, on the other hand, are at higher risk than fixed-rate loans. They are at higher risk because they can change, perhaps to a rate that makes making your monthly payment challenging.
Getting Rid of PMI
It is no surprise that anyone that can get rid of PMI generally wants to. Paying for a mortgage alone can be a heavy burden without the weight of additional costs that PMI brings about. There are four standard ways to get rid of your PMI:
- Automatic cancellation. Under the Homeowner Protection Act (HPA, also called the PMI Cancellation Act), your mortgage lender is obligated to cancel your PMI when your principal balance is scheduled to reach 78% of the original value of the home. Or, if you are current on payments, when you've reached the midpoint of your amortization schedule. So, for example, your mortgage lender would cancel your PMI if you are ten years into a 20-year mortgage.
- Request PMI cancellation. Once your principal loan balance reaches 80% of the original value of your home, you can request to have your PMI canceled rather than waiting. If you are close to the 80% mark and have the ability to, you might want to make additional payments to reach 80% so that you can request to cancel PMI earlier than planned.
- Refinance. Refinancing is a great option when mortgage rates are low. If your home's value has increased since you purchased the house, what you owe may be less than 80% and qualify you to cancel your PMI.
- Reappraisal. Like refinancing, appraisal involves reevaluating the value of your home. In a real estate market that is quickly gaining, you may be ahead of the original schedule set to eliminate your PMI. If you have owned the home for five or more years and you owe 80% or less of your loan balance for the new valuation, you may be entitled to cancel your PMI.
PMI can be an extra cost that everyone wants to avoid if they can. Before purchasing a home, consider factors like your credit score, your planned down payment, and the type of loan you are considering purchasing to see if you can do it beforehand to avoid or reduce PMI costs. If you have PMI, try getting over the 20% mark as quickly as possible, or consider refinancing or reappraisals if the housing market is doing well.